Tuesday, June 12, 2012

Mob attacks women at Egypt anti-sex assault rally

By SARAH EL DEEB | Associated Press – June 8, 2012

CAIRO — A mob of hundreds of men assaulted women holding a march
demanding an end to sexual harassment Friday, with the attackers
overwhelming the male guardians and groping and molesting several of the
female marchers in Cairo's Tahrir Square.

From the ferocity of the assault, some of the victims said it appeared to
have been an organized attempt to drive women out of demonstrations and
trample on the pro-democracy protest movement.

The attack follows smaller scale assaults on women this week in Tahrir,
the epicenter of the uprising that forced Hosni Mubarak to step down last
year. Thousands have been gathering in the square this week in protests
over a variety of issues — mainly over worries that presidential elections
this month will secure the continued rule by elements of Mubarak's regime
backed by the ruling military.

Earlier in the week, an Associated Press reporter witnessed around 200 men
assault a woman who eventually fainted before men trying to help could
reach her.

Friday's march was called to demand an end to sexual assaults. Around 50
women participated, surrounded by a larger group of male supporters who
joined to hands to form a protective ring around them. The protesters
carried posters saying, "The people want to cut the hand of the sexual
harasser," and chanted, "The Egyptian girl says it loudly, harassment is

After the marchers entered a crowded corner of the square, a group of men
waded into the women, heckling them and groping them. The male supporters
tried to fend them off, and it turned into a melee involving a mob of

The marchers tried to flee while the attackers chased them and male
supporters tried to protect them. But the attackers persisted, cornering
several women against a metal sidewalk railing, including an Associated
Press reporter, shoving their hands down their clothes and trying to grab
their bags. The male supporters fought back, swinging belts and fists and
throwing water.

Eventually, the women were able to reach refuge in a nearby building with
the mob still outside until they finally got out to safety.

"After what I saw and heard today. I am furious at so many things. Why
beat a girl and strip her off? Why?" wrote Sally Zohney, one of the
organizers of the event on Twitter.

The persistence of the attack raised the belief of many that it was
intentional, though who orchestrated it was unclear.

Mariam Abdel-Shahid, a 25 year-old cinema student who took part in the
march, said "sexual harassment will only take us backward."

"This is pressure on the woman to return home," she said.

Ahmed Mansour, a 22 year-old male medical student who took part in the
march, said there are "people here trying to abuse the large number of
women protesters who feel safe and secure. Some people think it is
targeted to make women hate coming here."

"I am here to take a position and to object to this obscene act in
society," he said.

Assaults on women Tahrir have been a demoralizing turn for Egypt's protest

During the 18-day uprising against Mubarak last year, women say they
briefly experienced a "new Egypt," with none of the harassment that is
common in Cairo's streets taking place in Tahrir. Women participated in
the anti-Mubarak uprising as leading activists, protesters, medics and
even fighters to ward off attacks by security agents or affiliated thugs.
They have continued the role during the frequent protests over the past 15
months against the military, which took power after Mubarak's fall on Feb.
11, 2011.

But women have also been targeted, both by mobs and by military and
security forces in crackdowns, a practice commonly used by Mubarak
security against protesters. Lara Logan, a U.S. correspondent for CBS
television, was sexually assaulted by a frenzied mob in Tahrir on the day
Mubarak stepped down, when hundreds of thousands of Egyptians came to the
square to celebrate.

In a defining image of the post-Mubarak state violence against women,
troops dispersing a December protest in Tahrir were captured on video
stripping a woman's top off down to her blue bra and stomping with their
boots on her chest, as other troops pulled her by the arms across the

That incident prompted an unprecedented march by some 10,000 women through
central Cairo in December demanding Egypt's ruling military step down in a
show of outrage

In contrast, the small size of Friday's march could reflect the
vulnerability and insecurity many feel in the square, which was packed
with thousands of mostly young men by nightfall Friday. Twenty rights
groups signed on to support the stand and hundreds more vowed to take
part, according to the Facebook page where organizers publicized the
event, but only around 50 women participated.

Sexual harassment of women, including against those who wear the Islamic
headscarf or even cover their face, is common in the streets of Cairo. A
2008 report by the Egyptian Center for Women's Rights says two-thirds of
women in Egypt experienced sexual harassment on a daily basis. A string of
mass assaults on women in 2006 during the Muslim feast following the holy
month of Ramadan prompted police to increase the number of patrols to
combat it but legislation providing punishment was never passed.

After Friday's attack, many were already calling for another, much larger
stand in the square against such assaults.

Another participant in Friday's march, Ahmed Hawary, said a close female
friend of his was attacked by a mob of men in Tahrir Square in January.
She was rushed off in an ambulance, which was the only way to get her out,
he said. After suffering from a nervous breakdown, she left Cairo
altogether to work elsewhere in Egypt.

"Women activists are at the core of the revolution," Hawary said. "They
are the courage of this movement. If you break them, you break the spirit
of the revolution."

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